Multicriteria Gene Screening for Analysis of Differential Expression with DNA Microarrays
© Hero et al. 2004
Received: 10 May 2003
Published: 21 January 2004
This paper introduces a statistical methodology for the identification of differentially expressed genes in DNA microarray experiments based on multiple criteria. These criteria are false discovery rate (FDR), variance-normalized differential expression levels (paired statistics), and minimum acceptable difference (MAD). The methodology also provides a set of simultaneous FDR confidence intervals on the true expression differences. The analysis can be implemented as a two-stage algorithm in which there is an initial screen that controls only FDR, which is then followed by a second screen which controls both FDR and MAD. It can also be implemented by computing and thresholding the set of FDR values for each gene that satisfies the MAD criterion. We illustrate the procedure to identify differentially expressed genes from a wild type versus knockout comparison of microarray data.