Generalized Alamouti Codes for Trading Quality of Service against Data Rate in MIMO UMTS
© Mecklenbräuker and Rupp 2004
Received: 17 December 2002
Published: 23 May 2004
New space-time block coding schemes for multiple transmit and receive antennas are proposed. First, the well-known Alamouti scheme is extended to transmit antennas achieving high transmit diversity. Many receiver details are worked out for four and eight transmit antennas. Further, solutions for arbitrary, even numbers of transmit antennas are presented achieving decoding advantages due to orthogonalization properties while preserving high diversity. In a final step, such extended Alamouti and BLAST schemes are combined, offering a continuous trade-off between quality of service (QoS) and data rate. Due to the simplicity of the coding schemes, they are very well suited to operate under UMTS with only very moderate modifications in the existing standard. The number of supported antennas at transmitter alone is a sufficient knowledge to select the most appropriate scheme. While the proposed schemes are motivated by utilization in UMTS, they are not restricted to this standard.