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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Robust Speech Recognition Using Factorial HMMs for Home Environments

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20072007:020593

  • Received: 1 February 2006
  • Accepted: 17 December 2006
  • Published:


We focus on the problem of speech recognition in the presence of nonstationary sudden noise, which is very likely to happen in home environments. As a model compensation method for this problem, we investigated the use of factorial hidden Markov model (FHMM) architecture developed from a clean-speech hidden Markov model (HMM) and a sudden-noise HMM. While in conventional studies this architecture is defined only for static features of the observation vector, we extended it to dynamic features. In addition, we performed home-environment adaptation of FHMMs to the characteristics of a given house. A database recorded by a personal robot called PaPeRo in home environments was used for the evaluation of the proposed method. Isolated word recognition experiments demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method under noisy conditions. Home-dependent word FHMMs (HD-FHMMs) reduced the word error rate by 20.5 compared to that of the clean-speech word HMMs.


  • Markov Model
  • Hide Markov Model
  • Quantum Information
  • Static Feature
  • Word Recognition

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer Science, Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan


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© Agnieszka Betkowska et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.