- Research Article
- Open Access
Positioning Based on Factor Graphs
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processingvolume 2007, Article number: 041348 (2007)
This paper covers location determination in wireless cellular networks based on time difference of arrival (TDoA) measurements in a factor graphs framework. The resulting nonlinear estimation problem of the localization process for the mobile station cannot be solved analytically. The well-known iterative Gauss-Newton method as standard solution fails to converge for certain geometric constellations and bad initial values, and thus, it is not suitable for a general solution in cellular networks. Therefore, we propose a TDoA positioning algorithm based on factor graphs. Simulation results in terms of root-mean-square errors and cumulative density functions show that this approach achieves very accurate positioning estimates by moderate computational complexity.
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