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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

A Transcription System from MusicXML Format to Braille Music Notation

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20062007:042498

Received: 1 December 2005

Accepted: 29 September 2006

Published: 21 December 2006


The Internet enables us to freely access music as recorded sound and even music scores. For the visually impaired, music scores must be transcribed from computer-based musical formats to Braille music notation. This paper proposes a transcription system from the MusicXML format to Braille music notation using a structural model of Braille music notation. The resultant Braille scores inspected by volunteer transcribers are up to the international standard. Using this simple and efficient transcription system, it should be possible to provide Braille music scores via the Internet to the visually impaired.


Information TechnologyQuantum InformationTranscription SystemRecorded SoundMusic Notation


Authors’ Affiliations

Graduate School of Environment and Information Science, Yokohama National University, Hodogaya-ku Yokohama-shi, Japan
The Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan


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© D. Goto et al. 2007