- Research Article
- Open Access
Quasi-Cyclic LDPC Codes of Column-Weight Two Using a Search Algorithm
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processingvolume 2007, Article number: 045768 (2007)
This article introduces a search algorithm for constructing quasi-cyclic LDPC codes of column-weight two. To obtain a submatrix structure, rows are divided into groups of equal sizes. Rows in a group are connected in their numerical order to obtain a cyclic structure. Two rows forming a column must be at a specified distance from each other to obtain a given girth. The search for rows satisfying the distance is done sequentially or randomly. Using the proposed algorithm regular and irregular column-weight-two codes are obtained over a wide range of girths, rates, and lengths. The algorithm, which has a complexity linear with respect to the number of rows, provides an easy and fast way to construct quasi-cyclic LDPC codes. Constructed codes show good bit-error rate performance with randomly shifted codes performing better than sequentially shifted ones.
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