Open Access

Improving a Power Line Communications Standard with LDPC Codes

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20072007:060839

https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/60839

Received: 31 October 2006

Accepted: 4 May 2007

Published: 27 June 2007

Abstract

We investigate a power line communications (PLC) scheme that could be used to enhance the HomePlug 1.0 standard, specifically its ROBO mode which provides modest throughput for the worst case PLC channel. The scheme is based on using a low-density parity-check (LDPC) code, in lieu of the concatenated Reed-Solomon and convolutional codes in ROBO mode. The PLC channel is modeled with multipath fading and Middleton's class A noise. Clipping is introduced to mitigate the effect of impulsive noise. A simple and effective method is devised to estimate the variance of the clipped noise for LDPC decoding. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms the HomePlug 1.0 ROBO mode and has lower computational complexity. The proposed scheme also dispenses with the repetition of information bits in ROBO mode to gain time diversity, resulting in 4-fold increase in physical layer throughput.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Queen's University
(2)
Nortel Networks

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Copyright

© Christine Hsu et al. 2007

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.