- Research Article
- Open Access
Equalization of Loudspeaker and Room Responses Using Kautz Filters: Direct Least Squares Design
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing volume 2007, Article number: 060949 (2006)
DSP-based correction of loudspeaker and room responses is becoming an important part of improving sound reproduction. Such response equalization (EQ) is based on using a digital filter in cascade with the reproduction channel to counteract the response errors introduced by loudspeakers and room acoustics. Several FIR and IIR filter design techniques have been proposed for equalization purposes. In this paper we investigate Kautz filters, an interesting class of IIR filters, from the point of view of direct least squares EQ design. Kautz filters can be seen as generalizations of FIR filters and their frequency-warped counterparts. They provide a flexible means to obtain desired frequency resolution behavior, which allows low filter orders even for complex corrections. Kautz filters have also the desirable property to avoid inverting dips in transfer function to sharp and long-ringing resonances in the equalizer. Furthermore, the direct least squares design is applicable to nonminimum-phase EQ design and allows using a desired target response. The proposed method is demonstrated by case examples with measured and synthetic loudspeaker and room responses.
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Karjalainen, M., Paatero, T. Equalization of Loudspeaker and Room Responses Using Kautz Filters: Direct Least Squares Design. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2007, 060949 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/60949
- Digital Filter
- Filter Design
- Target Response
- Filter Order
- Room Acoustics