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Localized Spectral Analysis of Fluctuating Power Generation from Solar Energy Systems


Fluctuations in solar irradiance are a serious obstacle for the future large-scale application of photovoltaics. Occurring regularly with the passage of clouds, they can cause unexpected power variations and introduce voltage dips to the power distribution system. This paper proposes the treatment of such fluctuating time series as realizations of a stochastic, locally stationary, wavelet process. Its local spectral density can be estimated from empirical data by means of wavelet periodograms. The wavelet approach allows the analysis of the amplitude of fluctuations per characteristic scale, hence, persistence of the fluctuation. Furthermore, conclusions can be drawn on the frequency of occurrence of fluctuations of different scale. This localized spectral analysis was applied to empirical data of two successive years. The approach is especially useful for network planning and load management of power distribution systems containing a high density of photovoltaic generation units.


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Correspondence to Achim Woyte.

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Woyte, A., Belmans, R. & Nijs, J. Localized Spectral Analysis of Fluctuating Power Generation from Solar Energy Systems. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2007, 080919 (2007).

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  • Spectral Density
  • Empirical Data
  • Characteristic Scale
  • Solar Irradiance
  • Generation Unit