Skip to main content


You are viewing the new BMC article page. Let us know what you think. Return to old version

Research Article | Open | Published:

Spectral Content Characterization for Efficient Image Detection Algorithm Design


This paper presents spectral characterization for efficient image detection using hyperspectral processing techniques. We investigate the relationship between the number of used bands and the performance of the detection process in order to find the optimal number of band reductions. The band reduction significantly reduces computation and implementation complexity of the algorithms. Specifically, we define and characterize the contribution coefficient for each band. Based on the coefficients, we heuristically select the required minimum bands for the detection process. We have shown that the small number of bands is efficient for effective detection. The proposed algorithm is suitable for low-complexity and real-time applications.


  1. 1.

    Boggs T, Gomez RB: Fast hyperspectral data processing methods. Geo-Spatial Image and Data Exploitation II, April 2001, Orlando, Calif, USA, Proceedings of SPIE 4383: 74–78.

  2. 2.

    Gomez RB, Lewis AJ: On-board processing for spectral remote sensing. ISPRS Special Session Future Intelligent Earth Observing Satellites (FIEOS '02), November 2002, Denver, Colo, USA

  3. 3.

    Chai SM, Gentile A, Lugo-Beauchamp WE, Fonseca J, Cruz-Rivera JL, Wills DS: Forcal-plane processing architectures for real-time hyperspectral image processing. Applied Optics 2000,39(5):835-849. 10.1364/AO.39.000835

  4. 4.

    Shaw GA, Burke HK: Spectral imaging for remote sensing. Lincoln Laboratory Journal 2003,14(1):3-28.

  5. 5.

    Nascimento SMC, Ferreira FP, Foster DH: Statistics of spatial cone-excitation ratios in natural scenes. Journal of the Optical Society of America A 2002,19(8):1484-1490. 10.1364/JOSAA.19.001484

  6. 6.

    Gonzalez RC, Woods RE: Digital Image Processing. 2nd edition. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA; 2002.

  7. 7.

    Bakker WH, Schmidt KS: Hyperspectral edge filtering for measuring homogeneity of surface cover types. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 2002,56(4):246-256. 10.1016/S0924-2716(02)00060-6

  8. 8.

    Nischan ML, Joseph RM, Libby JC, Kerekes JP: Active spectral imaging. Lincoln Laboratory Journal 2003,14(1):131-144.

  9. 9.

    Griffin MK, Burke HK: Compensation of hyperspectral data for atmospheric effects. Lincoln Laboratory Journal 2003,14(1):29-54.

  10. 10.

    Abousleman GP, Marcellin MW, Hunt BR: Hyperspectral image compression using entropy-constrained predictive trellis coded quantization. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 1997,6(4):566-573. 10.1109/83.563321

  11. 11.

    Keshava N: Distance metrics and band selection in hyperspectral processing with applications to material identification and spectral libraries. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2004,42(7):1552-1565.

  12. 12.

    Bajcsy P, Groves P: Methodology for hyperspectral band selection. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 2004,70(7):793-802.

  13. 13.

    Kumar S, Ghosh J, Crawford MM: Best-bases feature extraction algorithms for classification of hyperspectral data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2001,39(7):1368-1379. 10.1109/36.934070

  14. 14.

    Girouard G, Bannari A, Harti A, Desrochers A: Validated spectral angle mapper algorithm for geological mapping: comparative study between quickbird and landsat-tm. The 20th International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Congress, July 2004, Istanbul, Turkey 599–605.

  15. 15.

    Chassaing R: Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the C6713 and C6416 DSK. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA; 2005.

  16. 16.

    Texas Instrument : Datasheet of TMS320C6713B. 2005.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Kyoung-Su Park.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article


  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Optimal Number
  • Detection Algorithm
  • Processing Technique