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Unobtrusive Biometric System Based on Electroencephalogram Analysis


Features extracted from electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings have proved to be unique enough between subjects for biometric applications. We show here that biometry based on these recordings offers a novel way to robustly authenticate or identify subjects. In this paper, we present a rapid and unobtrusive authentication method that only uses 2 frontal electrodes referenced to another one placed at the ear lobe. Moreover, the system makes use of a multistage fusion architecture, which demonstrates to improve the system performance. The performance analysis of the system presented in this paper stems from an experiment with 51 subjects and 36 intruders, where an equal error rate (EER) of 3.4% is obtained, that is, true acceptance rate (TAR) of 96.6% and a false acceptance rate (FAR) of 3.4%. The obtained performance measures improve the results of similar systems presented in earlier work.

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Correspondence to A. Riera.

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Riera, A., Soria-Frisch, A., Caparrini, M. et al. Unobtrusive Biometric System Based on Electroencephalogram Analysis. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2008, 143728 (2007).

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  • System Performance
  • Information Technology
  • Performance Analysis
  • Quantum Information
  • Acceptance Rate