Open Access

Downsampling Non-Uniformly Sampled Data

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20072008:147407

Received: 14 February 2007

Accepted: 17 July 2007

Published: 30 July 2007


Decimating a uniformly sampled signal a factor D involves low-pass antialias filtering with normalized cutoff frequency 1/D followed by picking out every D th sample. Alternatively, decimation can be done in the frequency domain using the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm, after zero-padding the signal and truncating the FFT. We outline three approaches to decimate non-uniformly sampled signals, which are all based on interpolation. The interpolation is done in different domains, and the inter-sample behavior does not need to be known. The first one interpolates the signal to a uniformly sampling, after which standard decimation can be applied. The second one interpolates a continuous-time convolution integral, that implements the antialias filter, after which every D th sample can be picked out. The third frequency domain approach computes an approximate Fourier transform, after which truncation and IFFT give the desired result. Simulations indicate that the second approach is particularly useful. A thorough analysis is therefore performed for this case, using the assumption that the non-uniformly distributed sampling instants are generated by a stochastic process.

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköpings Universitet


© F. Eng and F. Gustafsson. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.