Open Access

A Forward-Backward Kalman Filter-based Receiver

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20092008:158037

Received: 5 May 2008

Accepted: 11 December 2008

Published: 1 February 2009


Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing ( ) has emerged as a modulation scheme that can achieve high data rates over frequency selective fading channel by efficiently handling multipath effects. This paper proposes receiver design for space-time block coded transmission over frequency selective time-variant channels. Joint channel and data recovery are performed at the receiver by utilizing the expectation-maximization ( ) algorithm. It makes collective use of the data constraints (pilots, cyclic prefix, the finite alphabet constraint, and space-time block coding) and channel constraints (finite delay spread, frequency and time correlation, and transmit and receive correlation) to implement an effective receiver. The channel estimation part of the receiver boils down to an -based forward-backward Kalman filter. A forward-only Kalman filter is also proposed to avoid the latency involved in estimation. Simulation results show that the proposed receiver outperforms other least-squares-based iterative receivers.

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Authors’ Affiliations

Electrical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia


© T. Y. Al-Naffouri and A. A. Quadeer. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.