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Using Intracardiac Vectorcardiographic Loop for Surface ECG Synthesis


Current cardiac implantable devices offer improved processing power and recording capabilities. Some of these devices already provide basic telemonitoring features that may help to reduce health care expenditure. A challenge is posed in particular for the telemonitoring of the patient's cardiac electrical activity. Indeed, only intracardiac electrograms (EGMs) are acquired by the implanted device and these signals are difficult to analyze directly by clinicians. In this paper, we propose a patient-specific method to synthesize the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) from a set of EGM signals, based on a 3D representation of the cardiac electrical activity and principal component analysis (PCA). The results, in the case of sinus rhythm, show a correlation coefficient between the real ECG and the synthesized ECG of about 0.85. Moreover, the application of the proposed method to the patients who present an abnormal heart rhythm exhibits promising results, especially for characterizing the bundle branch blocs. Finally, in order to evaluate the behavior of our procedure in some practical situations, the quality of the ECG reconstruction is studied as a function of the number of EGM electrodes provided by the CIDs.

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Correspondence to F. Porée.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kachenoura, A., Porée, F., Hernández, A.I. et al. Using Intracardiac Vectorcardiographic Loop for Surface ECG Synthesis. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2008, 410630 (2008).

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