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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Comparison of Semidistributed Multinode TOA-DOA Fusion Localization and GPS-Aided TOA (DOA) Fusion Localization for MANETs

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20082008:439523

  • Received: 20 February 2008
  • Accepted: 6 October 2008
  • Published:


This paper evaluates the performance of a semidistributed multinode time-of-arrival (TOA) and direction-of-arrival (DOA) fusion localization technique in terms of localization circular error probability (CEP). The localization technique is applicable in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) when global positioning system (GPS) is not available (GPS denied environments). The localization CEP of the technique is derived theoretically and verified via simulations. In addition, we theoretically derive the localization CEP of GPS-aided TOA fusion and GPS-aided DOA fusion techniques, which are also applicable in MANETs. Finally, we compare these three localization techniques theoretically and via simulations. The comparison confirms that in moderate scale MANETs, the multinode TOA-DOA fusion localization technique achieves the best performance; while in large scale MANETs, GPS-aided TOA fusion leads to the best performance.


  • Information Technology
  • Global Position System
  • Quantum Information
  • Global Position System
  • Position System

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA


© Z.Wang and S. Zekavat. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.