Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Robust Speech Watermarking Procedure in the Time-Frequency Domain

  • 1104 Accesses

  • 13 Citations


An approach to speech watermarking based on the time-frequency signal analysis is proposed. As a time-frequency representation suitable for speech analysis, the S-method is used. The time-frequency characteristics of watermark are modeled by using speech components in the selected region. The modeling procedure is based on the concept of time-varying filtering. A detector form that includes cross-terms in the Wigner distribution is proposed. Theoretical considerations are illustrated by the examples. Efficiency of the proposed procedure has been tested for several signals and under various attacks.

Publisher note

To access the full article, please see PDF.

Author information

Correspondence to Irena Orović.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Stanković, S., Orović, I. & Žarić, N. Robust Speech Watermarking Procedure in the Time-Frequency Domain. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2008, 519206 (2008).

Download citation


  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Signal Analysis
  • Theoretical Consideration
  • Modeling Procedure