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Cardiac Arrhythmias Classification Method Based on MUSIC, Morphological Descriptors, and Neural Network

Abstract

An electrocardiogram (ECG) beat classification scheme based on multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm, morphological descriptors, and neural networks is proposed for discriminating nine ECG beat types. These are normal, fusion of ventricular and normal, fusion of paced and normal, left bundle branch block, right bundle branch block, premature ventricular concentration, atrial premature contraction, paced beat, and ventricular flutter. ECG signal samples from MIT-BIH arrhythmia database are used to evaluate the scheme. MUSIC algorithm is used to calculate pseudospectrum of ECG signals. The low-frequency samples are picked to have the most valuable heartbeat information. These samples along with two morphological descriptors, which deliver the characteristics and features of all parts of the heart, form an input feature vector. This vector is used for the initial training of a classifier neural network. The neural network is designed to have nine sample outputs which constitute the nine beat types. Two neural network schemes, namely multilayered perceptron (MLP) neural network and a probabilistic neural network (PNN), are employed. The experimental results achieved a promising accuracy of 99.03% for classifying the beat types using MLP neural network. In addition, our scheme recognizes NORMAL class with 100% accuracy and never misclassifies any other classes as NORMAL.

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Correspondence to Ahmad R. Naghsh-Nilchi.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Naghsh-Nilchi, A.R., Kadkhodamohammadi, A.R. Cardiac Arrhythmias Classification Method Based on MUSIC, Morphological Descriptors, and Neural Network. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2008, 935907 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/935907

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Keywords

  • Left Bundle Branch Block
  • Morphological Descriptor
  • Probabilistic Neural Network
  • Right Bundle Branch Block
  • Classifier Neural Network
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