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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Rate-Optimal and Reduced-Complexity Sequential Sensing Algorithms for Cognitive OFDM Radios

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20092009:421540

  • Received: 19 February 2009
  • Accepted: 14 July 2009
  • Published:


Sequential sensing algorithms are developed for OFDM-based hierarchical cognitive radio (CR) systems. Secondary users sense multiple subbands simultaneously for possible spectrum availabilities under hard misdetection constraints to prevent interference to the primary users. Accounting for the fact that the sensing time overhead can often be significant, a novel performance metric is introduced based on the effective achievable data rate. An optimization problem is formulated in the framework of optimal stopping problems to maximize the average effective data rate by determining the best time to stop taking samples and proceed to data transmission. A basis expansion-based suboptimal algorithm is developed to reduce the prohibitive complexity of the optimal solution. The numerical results presented verify the efficacy of the proposed approach.


  • Data Rate
  • Data Transmission
  • Cognitive Radio
  • Primary User
  • Secondary User

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, 200 Union Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA


© S.-J. Kim and G. B. Giannakis. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.