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An Energy-Efficient Target Tracking Framework in Wireless Sensor Networks


This study devises and evaluates an energy-efficient distributed collaborative signal and information processing framework for acoustic target tracking in wireless sensor networks. The distributed processing algorithm is based on mobile agent computing paradigm and sequential Bayesian estimation. At each time step, the short detection reports of cluster members will be collected by cluster head, and a sensor node with the highest signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is chosen there as reference node for time difference of arrive (TDOA) calculation. During the mobile agent migration, the target state belief is transmitted among nodes and updated using the TDOA measurement of these fusion nodes one by one. The computing and processing burden is evenly distributed in the sensor network. To decrease the wireless communications, we propose to represent the belief by parameterized methods such as Gaussian approximation or Gaussian mixture model approximation. Furthermore, we present an attraction force function to handle the mobile agent migration planning problem, which is a combination of the node residual energy, useful information, and communication cost. Simulation examples demonstrate the estimation effectiveness and energy efficiency of the proposed distributed collaborative target tracking framework.

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Correspondence to Zhijun Yu.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Yu, Z., Wei, J. & Liu, H. An Energy-Efficient Target Tracking Framework in Wireless Sensor Networks. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2009, 524145 (2009).

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  • Wireless Sensor Network
  • Cluster Head
  • Gaussian Mixture Model
  • Target Tracking
  • Acoustic Target