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FPGA-Based Real Time, Multichannel Emulated-Digital Retina Model Implementation


The function of the low-level image processing that takes place in the biological retina is to compress only the relevant visual information to a manageable size. The behavior of the layers and different channels of the neuromorphic retina has been successfully modeled by cellular neural/nonlinear networks (CNNs). In this paper, we present an extended, application-specific emulated-digital CNN-universal machine (UM) architecture to compute the complex dynamic of this mammalian retina in video real time. The proposed emulated-digital implementation of multichannel retina model is compared to the previously developed models from three key aspects, which are processing speed, number of physical cells, and accuracy. Our primary aim was to build up a simple, real-time test environment with camera input and display output in order to mimic the behavior of retina model implementation on emulated digital CNN by using low-cost, moderate-sized field-programmable gate array (FPGA) architectures.

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Correspondence to Zsolt Vörösházi.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vörösházi, Z., Nagy, Z. & Szolgay, P. FPGA-Based Real Time, Multichannel Emulated-Digital Retina Model Implementation. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2009, 749838 (2009).

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  • Retina
  • Information Technology
  • Visual Information
  • Quantum Information
  • Test Environment