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Optimal Superimposed Training Sequences for Channel Estimation in MIMO-OFDM Systems


In this work an iterative time domain Least Squares (LS) based channel estimation method using superimposed training (ST) for a Multiple Input Multiple Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) system over time varying frequency selective fading channels is proposed. The performance of the channel estimator is analyzed in terms of the Mean Square Estimation Error (MSEE) and its impact on the uncoded Bit Error Rate (BER) of the MIMO-OFDM system is studied. A new selection criterion for the training sequences that jointly optimizes the MSEE and the BER of the OFDM system is proposed. Chirp based sequences are proposed and shown to satisfy the same. These are compared with the other sequences proposed in the literature and are found to yield a superior performance. The sequences, one for each transmitting antenna, offers fairness through providing equal interference in all the data carriers unlike earlier proposals. The effectiveness of the mathematical analysis presented is demonstrated through a comparison with the simulation studies. Experimental studies are carried out to study and validate the improved performance of the proposed scheme. The scheme is applied to the IEEE 802.16e OFDM standard and a case is made with the required design of the sequence.

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Correspondence to Jinesh P. Nair.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Nair, J.P., Kumar, R.V.R. Optimal Superimposed Training Sequences for Channel Estimation in MIMO-OFDM Systems. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 140506 (2010).

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