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Table 4 Distance error for the outline of each cell in the stretched state between the CLSM measurement and the results of the finite element analysis (). At each height level for cells in the finite element analysis, the 2D mean displacement was calculated excluding the displacement component in the height direction.

From: Three-Dimensional Morphometry of Single Endothelial Cells with Substrate Stretching and Image-Based Finite Element Modeling

Region Average (SD) (m) Average (SD) with respect to mean displacement (%)
Top 1.28 (0.78) 278 (100)
Middle (upper half) 0.86 (0.43) 128 (65)
Middle (lower half) 0.55 (0.19) 48 (24)
Bottom 0.41 (0.12) 24 (7)