Selective Frequency Invariant Uniform Circular Broadband Beamformer
© Xin Zhang et al. 2010
Received: 16 April 2009
Accepted: 3 December 2009
Published: 19 January 2010
Frequency-Invariant (FI) beamforming is a well known array signal processing technique used in many applications. In this paper, an algorithm that attempts to optimize the frequency invariant beampattern solely for the mainlobe, and relax the FI requirement on the sidelobe is proposed. This sacrifice on performance in the undesired region is traded off for better performance in the desired region as well as reduced number of microphones employed. The objective function is designed to minimize the overall spatial response of the beamformer with a constraint on the gain being smaller than a pre-defined threshold value across a specific frequency range and at a specific angle. This problem is formulated as a convex optimization problem and the solution is obtained by using the Second Order Cone Programming (SOCP) technique. An analysis of the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is presented as well as its performance. The performance is evaluated via computer simulation for different number of sensors and different threshold values. Simulation results show that, the proposed algorithm is able to achieve a smaller mean square error of the spatial response gain for the specific FI region compared to existing algorithms.
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