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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Clusters versus GPUs for Parallel Target and Anomaly Detection in Hyperspectral Images

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20102010:915639

  • Received: 2 December 2009
  • Accepted: 19 February 2010
  • Published:


Remotely sensed hyperspectral sensors provide image data containing rich information in both the spatial and the spectral domain, and this information can be used to address detection tasks in many applications. In many surveillance applications, the size of the objects (targets) searched for constitutes a very small fraction of the total search area and the spectral signatures associated to the targets are generally different from those of the background, hence the targets can be seen as anomalies. In hyperspectral imaging, many algorithms have been proposed for automatic target and anomaly detection. Given the dimensionality of hyperspectral scenes, these techniques can be time-consuming and difficult to apply in applications requiring real-time performance. In this paper, we develop several new parallel implementations of automatic target and anomaly detection algorithms. The proposed parallel algorithms are quantitatively evaluated using hyperspectral data collected by the NASA's Airborne Visible Infra-Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) system over theWorld Trade Center (WTC) in New York, five days after the terrorist attacks that collapsed the two main towers in theWTC complex.


  • Terrorist Attack
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Hyperspectral Image
  • Hyperspectral Data
  • Surveillance Application

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Technology of Computers and Communications, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain


© A. Paz and A. Plaza. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.