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Open Access

Computationally Efficient DOA and Polarization Estimation of Coherent Sources with Linear Electromagnetic Vector-Sensor Array

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20112011:490289

Received: 3 September 2010

Accepted: 16 January 2011

Published: 7 February 2011


This paper studies the problem of direction finding and polarization estimation of coherent sources using a uniform linear electromagnetic vector-sensor (EmVS) array. A novel preprocessing algorithm based on EmVS subarray averaging (EVSA) is firstly proposed to decorrelate sources' coherency. Then, the proposed EVSA algorithm is combined with the propagator method (PM) to estimate the EmVS steering vector, and thus estimate the direction-of-arrival (DOA) and the polarization parameters by a vector cross-product operation. Compared with the existing estimate methods, the proposed EVSA-PM enables decorrelation of more coherent signals, joint estimation of the DOA and polarization of coherent sources with a lower computational complexity, and requires no limitation of the intervector sensor spacing within a half-wavelength to guarantee unique and unambiguous angle estimates. Also, the EVSA-PM can estimate these parameters by parameter-space searching techniques. Monte-Carlo simulations are presented to verify the efficacy of the proposed algorithm.


Computational ComplexityQuantum InformationDirection FindingFull ArticlePolarization Parameter

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electronic Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada


© Zhaoting Liu et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.