- Research Article
- Open Access
Complexity-Reduced MLD Based on QR Decomposition in OFDM MIMO Multiplexing with Frequency Domain Spreading and Code Multiplexing
© Kouji Nagatomi et al. 2011
- Received: 12 April 2010
- Accepted: 19 August 2010
- Published: 22 August 2010
This paper presents a new maximum likelihood detection- (MLD-) based signal detection method for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) multiplexing with frequency domain spreading and code multiplexing. The proposed MLD reduces the computational complexity by utilizing signal orthogonalization based on QR decomposition of the product of the channel and spreading code matrices in the frequency domain. Simulation results show that when the spreading factor and number of code multiplexed symbols are 16, the proposed MLD reduces the average received signal energy per bit-to-noise spectrum density ratio (Eb/N0) for the average packet error rate (PER) of 10−2 by approximately 12 dB compared to the conventional minimum mean-squared error- (MMSE-) based filtering for 4-by-4 MIMO multiplexing (16QAM with the rate-3/4 Turbo code is assumed).
- Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex
- Turbo Code
- Packet Error Rate
- Spreading Code
- Signal Orthogonalization
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