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Open Access

Selection of Nonstationary Dynamic Features for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Detection in Children

  • L. M. Sepulveda-Cano1Email author,
  • E. Gil2,
  • P. Laguna2 and
  • G. Castellanos-Dominguez1
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20112011:538314

Received: 1 July 2010

Accepted: 26 January 2011

Published: 21 February 2011


This paper discusses the methodology for selecting a set of relevant nonstationary features to increase the specificity of the obstructive sleep apnea detector. Dynamic features are extracted from time-evolving spectral representation of photoplethysmography envelope recordings. In this regard, a time-evolving version of the standard linear multivariate decomposition is discussed to perform stochastic dimensionality reduction. For training aim, this work analyzes the concrete set comprising filter banked dynamic features that include spectral centroids, the cepstral coefficients as well as their time-variant energies. Performance of classifier accuracy is provided for the collected polysomnography recordings of 21 children. Moreover, since the apnea diagnosing is based on analysis of set of fragments partitioned from the photoplethysmography envelope recordings, a new approach for their indirect labeling is described. As a result, performed outcomes of accuracy bring enough evidence that if using a subset of cepstral-based dynamic features, then patient classification accuracy can reach as much as 83.3% value, when using a k-nn classifier, as well. Therefore, photoplethysmography-based detection provides an adequate scheme for obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis.


Obstructive Sleep ApneaSleep ApneaDynamic FeatureObstructive Sleep ApnoeaPolysomnography Recording

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Authors’ Affiliations

Grupo de Procesamiento y Reconocimiento de Señaales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia
Communications Technology Group (GTC), Aragón Institute of Engineering Research (I3A), ISS, University of Zaragoza, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza, Spain


© L. M. Sepulveda-Cano et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.