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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Novel VLSI Algorithm and Architecture with Good Quantization Properties for a High-Throughput Area Efficient Systolic Array Implementation of DCT

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20102011:639043

  • Received: 31 May 2010
  • Accepted: 22 December 2010
  • Published:


Using a specific input-restructuring sequence, a new VLSI algorithm and architecture have been derived for a high throughput memory-based systolic array VLSI implementation of a discrete cosine transform. The proposed restructuring technique transforms the DCT algorithm into a cycle-convolution and a pseudo-cycle convolution structure as basic computational forms. The proposed solution has been specially designed to have good fixed-point error performances that have been exploited to further reduce the hardware complexity and power consumption. It leads to a ROM based VLSI kernel with good quantization properties. A parallel VLSI algorithm and architecture with a good fixed point implementation appropriate for a memory-based implementation have been obtained. The proposed algorithm can be mapped onto two linear systolic arrays with similar length and form. They can be further efficiently merged into a single array using an appropriate hardware sharing technique. A highly efficient VLSI chip can be thus obtained with appealing features as good architectural topology, processing speed, hardware complexity and I/O costs. Moreover, the proposed solution substantially reduces the hardware overhead involved by the pre-processing stage that for short length DCT consumes an important percentage of the chip area.


  • Systolic Array
  • Hardware Complexity
  • Hardware Overhead
  • Parallel VLSI
  • VLSI Chip

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Authors’ Affiliations

Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Technical University "Gh. Asachi", B-dul Carol I, No.11, 6600 Iasi, Romania


© D. F. Chiper and P. Ungureanu. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.