Skip to main content
  • Research Article
  • Open access
  • Published:

A Bit-Labeling Design for Trellis-Shaped Single-Carrier PSK with PAPR Reduction


Band-limited single-carrier signals, even with a phase-shift keying (PSK) constellation, suffer from relatively high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) when a narrow pulse-shaping filter is used at the transmitter. In our recent work, an application of trellis shaping (TS) has been studied extensively for the purpose of reducing PAPR of band-limited single-carrier PSK signals, and it has been shown that a nearly constant envelope signal can be generated even with the use of nearly rectangular pulse-shaping filter. In this paper, we first demonstrate that the uncoded bit error rate (BER) and PAPR reduction capability of the TS considerably depend on the bit labeling. We then propose a new bit labeling for high-order PSK constellation that can efficiently reduce PAPR while achieving BER performance comparable to that of Gray labeling. Finally, the BER of each constellation is theoretically analyzed and compared with the simulation results.

Publisher note

To access the full article, please see PDF.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hideki Ochiai.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nishino, Y., Tanahashi, M. & Ochiai, H. A Bit-Labeling Design for Trellis-Shaped Single-Carrier PSK with PAPR Reduction. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2011, 792340 (2011).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: