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  • Review Article
  • Open Access

Recent Advances in Real-Time Musical Effects, Synthesis, and Virtual Analog Models

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3 and
  • 4
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20112011:940784

  • Received: 8 October 2010
  • Accepted: 5 February 2011
  • Published:


This paper reviews some of the recent advances in real-time musical effects processing and synthesis. The main emphasis is on virtual analog modeling, specifically digital emulation of vintage delay and reverberation effects, tube amplifiers, and voltage-controlled filters. Additionally, adaptive effects algorithms and sound synthesis and processing languages are discussed.


  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Processing Language
  • Analog Model
  • Full Article

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Signal Processing and Acoustics, Aalto University School of Electrical Engineering, 02150 Espoo, Finland
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy
Sound and Music Technology Research Group, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland
CCRMA, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-8180, USA


© Jyri Pakarinen et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.