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Analysis of Optical CDMA Signal Transmission: Capacity Limits and Simulation Results

Abstract

We present performance limits of the optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) networks. In particular, we evaluate the information-theoretical capacity of the OCDMA transmission when single-user detection (SUD) is used by the receiver. First, we model the OCDMA transmission as a discrete memoryless channel, evaluate its capacity when binary modulation is used in the interference-limited (noiseless) case, and extend this analysis to the case when additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is corrupting the received signals. Next, we analyze the benefits of using nonbinary signaling for increasing the throughput of optical CDMA transmission. It turns out that up to a fourfold increase in the network throughput can be achieved with practical numbers of modulation levels in comparison to the traditionally considered binary case. Finally, we present BER simulation results for channel coded binary and-ary OCDMA transmission systems. In particular, we apply turbo codes concatenated with Reed-Solomon codes so that up to several hundred concurrent optical CDMA users can be supported at low target bit error rates. We observe that unlike conventional OCDMA systems, turbo-empowered OCDMA can allow overloading (more active users than is the length of the spreading sequences) with good bit error rate system performance.

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Correspondence to Aminata A. Garba.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Garba, A.A., Yim, R.M., Bajcsy, J. et al. Analysis of Optical CDMA Signal Transmission: Capacity Limits and Simulation Results. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2005, 230735 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1155/ASP.2005.1603

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Keywords and phrases:

  • optical CDMA communication
  • multiple-access channels
  • M-ary modulation
  • channel capacity
  • turbo codes