Skip to content


  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Cross-Layer Techniques for Adaptive Video Streaming over Wireless Networks

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20052005:871928

  • Received: 16 July 2003
  • Published:


Real-time streaming media over wireless networks is a challenging proposition due to the characteristics of video data and wireless channels. In this paper, we propose a set of cross-layer techniques for adaptive real-time video streaming over wireless networks. The adaptation is done with respect to both channel and data. The proposed novel packetization scheme constructs the application layer packet in such a way that it is decomposed exactly into an integer number of equal-sized radio link protocol (RLP) packets. FEC codes are applied within an application packet at the RLP packet level rather than across different application packets and thus reduce delay at the receiver. A priority-based ARQ, together with a scheduling algorithm, is applied at the application layer to retransmit only the corrupted RLP packets within an application layer packet. Our approach combines the flexibility and programmability of application layer adaptations, with low delay and bandwidth efficiency of link layer techniques. Socket-level simulations are presented to verify the effectiveness of our approach.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA


© Shan 2005