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A Data-Driven Multidimensional Indexing Method for Data Mining in Astrophysical Databases

Abstract

Large archives and digital sky surveys with dimensions of bytes currently exist, while in the near future they will reach sizes of the order of . Numerical simulations are also producing comparable volumes of information. Data mining tools are needed for information extraction from such large datasets. In this work, we propose a multidimensional indexing method, based on a static R-tree data structure, to efficiently query and mine large astrophysical datasets. We follow a top-down construction method, called VAMSplit, which recursively splits the dataset on a near median element along the dimension with maximum variance. The obtained index partitions the dataset into nonoverlapping bounding boxes, with volumes proportional to the local data density. Finally, we show an application of this method for the detection of point sources from a gamma-ray photon list.

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Correspondence to Marco Frailis.

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Frailis, M., De Angelis, A. & Roberto, V. A Data-Driven Multidimensional Indexing Method for Data Mining in Astrophysical Databases. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2005, 841610 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1155/ASP.2005.2514

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Keywords and phrases

  • multidimensional indexing
  • VAMSplit R-tree
  • nearest-neighbor query
  • one-class SVM
  • point sources
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