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An Improved Array Steering Vector Estimation Method and Its Application in Speech Enhancement

Abstract

We propose a robust microphone array for speech enhancement and noise suppression. To overcome target signal cancellation problem of conventional beamformes caused by array imperfections or reverberation effects, the proposed method adopts arbitrary transfer function relating each microphone and target speech signal as array channel model. This is achieved in two ways. First, we propose a method to estimate the array steering vector (ASV) by means of exploiting the nonstationarity of speech signal to combat stationary noise and interference. Next, with the estimated ASV, a robust matched-filter-(MF-) array-based generalized sidelobe canceller (MF-GSC) is constructed to enhance the speech signal and suppress noise/interference. In addition, it also has the capability to reduce the reverberation effects of the acoustic enclosure. Numerical results show that the proposed method demonstrates high performance even in adverse environments.

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Correspondence to Zhu Liang Yu.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Yu, Z.L., Er, M.H. An Improved Array Steering Vector Estimation Method and Its Application in Speech Enhancement. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2005, 534013 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1155/ASP.2005.2930

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Keywords and phrases

  • adaptive microphone array
  • matched-filter array
  • generalized sidelobe canceller
  • noise suppression
  • speech enhancement
  • nonstationarity