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Application of Fractional Fourier Transform to Moving Target Indication via Along-Track Interferometry


A relatively unknown yet powerful technique, the so-called fractional Fourier transform (FrFT), is applied to SAR along-track interferometry (SAR-ATI) in order to estimate moving target parameters. By mapping a target's signal onto a fractional Fourier axis, the FrFT permits a constant-velocity target to be focused in the fractional Fourier domain thereby affording orders of magnitude improvement in SCR. Moving target velocity and position parameters are derived and expressed in terms of an optimum fractional angle and a measured fractional Fourier position, allowing a target to be accurately repositioned and its velocity components computed without actually forming an SAR image. The new estimation algorithm is compared with the matched filter bank approach, showing some of the advantages of the FrFT method. The proposed technique is applied to the data acquired by the two-aperture CV580 airborne radar system configured in its along-track mode. Results show that the method is effective in estimating target velocity and position parameters.

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Correspondence to Shen Chiu.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Chiu, S. Application of Fractional Fourier Transform to Moving Target Indication via Along-Track Interferometry. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2005, 980786 (2005).

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  • fractional Fourier transform
  • along-track interferometry
  • parameter estimation