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Principles and Limitations of Ultra-Wideband FM Communications Systems

Abstract

This paper presents a novel UWB communications system using double FM: a low-modulation index digital FSK followed by a high-modulation index analog FM to create a constant-envelope UWB signal. FDMA techniques at the subcarrier level are exploited to accommodate multiple users. The system is intended for low (1–10 kbps) and medium (100–1000 kbps) bit rate, and short-range WPAN systems. A wideband delay-line FM demodulator that is not preceded by any limiting amplifier constitutes the key component of the UWBFM receiver. This unusual approach permits multiple users to share the same RF bandwidth. Multipath, however, may limit the useful subcarrier bandwidth to one octave. This paper addresses the performance with AWGN and multipath, the resistance to narrowband interference, as well as the simultaneous detection of multiple FM signals at the same carrier frequency. SPICE and Matlab simulation results illustrate the principles and limitations of this new technology. A hardware demonstrator has been realized and has allowed the confirmation of theory with practical results.

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Correspondence to John F.M. Gerrits.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gerrits, J.F., Kouwenhoven, M.H., van der Meer, P.R. et al. Principles and Limitations of Ultra-Wideband FM Communications Systems. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2005, 189150 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1155/ASP.2005.382

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/ASP.2005.382

Keywords and phrases:

  • UWB
  • FM
  • FDMA
  • WPAN
  • subcarrier
  • multipath