Computationally Efficient Blind Code Synchronization for Asynchronous DS-CDMA Systems with Adaptive Antenna Arrays
© Hu 2005
Received: 28 July 2003
Published: 20 April 2005
A novel space-time adaptive near-far robust code-synchronization array detector for asynchronous DS-CDMA systems is developed in this paper. There are the same basic requirements that are needed by the conventional matched filter of an asynchronous DS-CDMA system. For the real-time applicability, a computationally efficient architecture of the proposed detector is developed that is based on the concept of the multistage Wiener filter (MWF) of Goldstein and Reed. This multistage technique results in a self-synchronizing detection criterion that requires no inversion or eigendecomposition of a covariance matrix. As a consequence, this detector achieves a complexity that is only a linear function of the size of antenna array ( ), the rank of the MWF ( ), the system processing gain ( ), and the number of samples in a chip interval ( ), that is, . The complexity of the equivalent detector based on the minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) or the subspace-based eigenstructure analysis is a function of . Moreover, this multistage scheme provides a rapid adaptive convergence under limited observation-data support. Simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance and convergence behavior of the proposed detector with the size of the -element antenna array, the amount of the -sample support, and the rank of the -stage MWF. The performance advantage of the proposed detector over other DS-CDMA detectors is investigated as well.