Skip to content


  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Adaptive UEP and Packet Size Assignment for Scalable Video Transmission over Burst-Error Channels

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20062006:010131

  • Received: 28 February 2005
  • Accepted: 12 September 2005
  • Published:


This work proposes an adaptive unequal error protection (UEP) and packet size assignment scheme for scalable video transmission over a burst-error channel. An analytic model is developed to evaluate the impact of channel bit error rate on the quality of streaming scalable video. A video transmission scheme, which combines the adaptive assignment of packet size with unequal error protection to increase the end-to-end video quality, is proposed. Several distinct scalable video transmission schemes over burst-error channel have been compared, and the simulation results reveal that the proposed transmission schemes can react to varying channel conditions with less and smoother quality degradation.


  • Error Rate
  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Channel Condition
  • Video Quality

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, 804, Taiwan
Department of Information Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, 840, Taiwan


  1. Yajnik M, Moon S, Kurose J, Towsley D: Measurement and modelling of the temporal dependence in packet loss. Proceedings of 18th Eighteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM '99), March 1999, New York, NY, USA 1: 345–352.Google Scholar
  2. Singh R, Ortega A: Modeling temporal dependence in packet loss using universal modeling concepts. Proceedings of 12th International Packet Video Workshop (PV '02), April 2002, Pittsburgh, Pa, USAGoogle Scholar
  3. Gilbert EN: Capacity of a burst-noise channel. Bell System Technical Journal 1960, 39: 1253–1265.MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  4. Elliott EO: A model of the switched telephone network for data communications. Bell System Technical Journal 1965, 44(1):89–109.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  5. Tan CC, Beaulieu NC: On first-order Markov modeling for the Rayleigh fading channel. IEEE Transactions on Communications 2000, 48(12):2032–2040. 10.1109/26.891214View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  6. Hsu C-Y, Ortega A: A Lagrangian optimization approach to rate control for delay-constrained video transmission over burst-error channels. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '98), May 1998, Seattle, Wash, USA 5: 2989–2992.Google Scholar
  7. Wang HS, Moayeri N: Finite-state Markov channel—a useful model for radio communication channels. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 1995, 44(1):163–171. 10.1109/25.350282View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  8. Kim B, Xiong Z, Pearlman WA: Low bit-rate scalable video coding with 3-D set partitioning in hierarchical trees (3-D SPIHT). IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2000, 10(8):1374–1387. 10.1109/76.889025View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  9. Wu F, Li S, Zhang Y-Q: A framework for efficient progressive fine granularity scalable video coding. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2001, 11(3):332–344. 10.1109/76.911159View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  10. Taubman D, Zakhor A: Multirate 3-D subband coding of video. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 1994, 3(5):572–588. 10.1109/83.334984View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  11. Li W: Overview of fine granularity scalability in MPEG-4 video standard. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2001, 11(3):301–317. 10.1109/76.911157View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  12. ISO/IEC 14496-10 : Information technology—Coding of audio-visual objects—Part 10: Advanced video coding. also ITU-T Recommendation H.264: Advanced video coding for generic audiovisual services, 2003Google Scholar
  13. Su Y-C, Yang C-S, Lee C-W: Optimal FEC assignment for scalable video transmission over burst error channel with loss rate feedback. Signal Processing: Image Communication 2003, 18(7):537–547. 10.1016/S0923-5965(03)00047-XGoogle Scholar
  14. Wang G, Zhang Q, Zhu W, Zhang Y: Channel-adaptive unequal error protection for scalable video transmission over wireless channel. Visual Communications and Image Processing (VCIP '01), January 2001, San Jose, Calif, USA, Proceedings of SPIE 4310: 648–655.Google Scholar
  15. Horn U, Stuhlmuller K, Link M, Girod B: Robust Internet video transmission based on scalable coding and unequal error protection. Signal Processing: Image Communication 1999, 15(1–2):77–94. 10.1016/S0923-5965(99)00025-9Google Scholar
  16. Stockhammer T: Progressive video transmission for packet lossy channels exploiting feedback and unequal erasure protection. Proceedings of the International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '01), September 2002, Rochester, NY, USA 2: 169–172.Google Scholar
  17. Vass J, Zhuang X: Adaptive and integrated video communication system utilizing novel compression,error control, and packetization strategies for mobile wireless environments. Proceedings of the 10th International Packet Video Workshop (PV '00), May 2000, Cagliari, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  18. van der Schaar M, Radha H: Packet-loss resilient Internet video using MPEG-4 fine granular scalability. Proceedings of the International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '00), September 2000, Vancouver, BC, Canada 3: 372–375.Google Scholar
  19. Hong B, Nosratinia A: Rate-constrained scalable video transmission over the Internet. Proceedings of 12th International Packet Video Workshop (PV '02), April 2002, Pittsburgh, Pa, USAGoogle Scholar
  20. Vu T, Reschke D, Horn W: Dynamic packet size mechanism (DPSM) for multimedia in wireless networks. Proceedings of Multimediale Informations- und Kommunikationssysteme (MIK '02), September-October 2002, Erfurt,Germany 667–674.Google Scholar
  21. Su Y-C, Yang C-S, Lee C-W: The analysis of packet loss prediction for Gilbert-model with loss rate uplink. Information Processing Letters 2004, 90(3):155–159. 10.1016/j.ipl.2004.01.017MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  22. Yang CS, Lee CW, Su YC: Adaptive packet size assignment for scalable video transmission over burst error channel. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Distributed Multimedia Systems (DMS '04), September 2004, San Francisco, Calif, USA 99–103.Google Scholar


© Lee et al. 2006