- Research Article
- Open Access
Subpixel Registration Directly from the Phase Difference
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing volume 2006, Article number: 060796 (2006)
This paper proposes a new approach to subpixel registration, under local/global shifts or rotation, using the phase-difference matrix. We establish the exact relationship between the continuous and the discrete phase difference of two shifted images and show that their discrete phase difference is a 2-dimensional sawtooth signal. As a result, the exact shifts or rotations can be determined to subpixel or subangle accuracy by counting the number of cycles of the phase-difference matrix along the frequency axes. The subpixel portion is represented by a fraction of a cycle corresponding to the noninteger part of the shift or rotation. The rotation angle is estimated by applying our method using a polar coordinate system. The problem is formulated as an overdetermined system of equations and is solved by imposing a regularity constraint. The tradeoff for imposing the constraint is determined by exploiting the rank constraint leading to a closed-form expression for the optimal regularization parameter.
Brown LG: A survey of image registration techniques. ACM Computing Surveys 1992, 24(4):325–376. 10.1145/146370.146374
Maintz JBA, Viergever MA: A survey of medical image registration. Medical Image Analysis 1998, 2(1):1–36.
Zitová BA, Flusser J: Image registration methods: a survey. Image and Vision Computing 2003, 21(11):977–1000. 10.1016/S0262-8856(03)00137-9
Abbiss JB, Brames BJ, Fiddy MA: Super-resolution algorithms for a modified Hopfield neural network. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 1991, 39(7):1516–1523. 10.1109/78.134391
Aizawa K, Komatsu T, Saito T: A scheme for acquiring very high resolution images using multiple cameras. Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '92), March 1992, San Francisco, Calif, USA 3: 289–292.
Boult TE, Wolberg G: Local image reconstruction and subpixel restoration algorithms. CVGIP: Graphical Models and Image Processing 1993, 55(1):63–77. 10.1006/cgip.1993.1005
Elad M, Feuer A: Restoration of a single super-resolution image from several blurred, noisy, and undersampled measured images. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 1997, 6(12):1646–1658. 10.1109/83.650118
Farsiu S, Robinson MD, Elad M, Milanfar P: Fast and robust multiframe super-resolution. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2004, 13(10):1327–1344. 10.1109/TIP.2004.834669
(Shekarforoush) Foroosh H, Berthod M, Zerubia J, Werman M: Sub-pixel Bayesian estimation of albedo and height. International Journal of Computer Vision 1996, 19(3):289–300. 10.1007/BF00055148
Irani M, Peleg S: Improving resolution by image registration. CVGIP: Graphical Models and Image Processing 1991, 53(3):231–239. 10.1016/1049-9652(91)90045-L
Keren D, Peleg S, Brada R: Image sequence enhancement using sub-pixel displacements. Proceeding of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '88), June 1988, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA 742–746.
Kim SP, Bose NK, Valenzuela HM: Recursive reconstruction of high resolution image from noisy undersampled multiframes. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 1990, 38(6):1013–1027. 10.1109/29.56062
Lim WB, Park MK, Kang MG: Spatially adaptive regularized iterative high-resolution image reconstruction algorithm. Visual Communications and Image Processing (VCIP '01), January 2001, San Jose, Calif, USA, Proceedings of SPIE 4310: 10–20.
Ng MK, Yip AM: A fast MAP algorithm for high-resolution image reconstruction with multisensors. Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing 2001, 12(2):143–164. 10.1023/A:1011136812633
Nguyen N, Milanfar P, Golub GH: A computationally efficient super-resolution image reconstruction algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2001, 10(4):573–583. 10.1109/83.913592
Patti AJ, Sezan MI, Murat Tekalp A: Super-resolution video reconstruction with arbitrary sampling lattices and nonzero aperture time. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 1997, 6(8):1064–1076. 10.1109/83.605404
Peleg S, Keren D, Schweitzer L: Improving image resolution using subpixel motion. Pattern Recognition Letters 1987, 5(3):223–226. 10.1016/0167-8655(87)90067-5
Schultz RR, Stevenson RL: Improved definition video frame enhancement. Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '95), May 1995, Detroit, Mich, USA 4: 2169–2172.
(Shekarforoush) Foroosh , Chellappa R: Data-driven multichannel super-resolution with application to video sequences. Journal of Optical Society of America A 1999, 16(3):481–492. 10.1364/JOSAA.16.000481
Tsai RY, Huang TS: Multiframe image restoration and registration. In Advances in Computer Vision and Image Processing. Volume 1. JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn, USA; 1984:317–339. chapter 7
(Shekarforoush) Foroosh H, Zerubia JB, Berthod M: Extension of phase correlation to subpixel registration. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2002, 11(3):188–200. 10.1109/83.988953
(Shekarforoush) Foroosh H, Berthod M, Zerubia J: Subpixel image registration by estimating the polyphase decomposition of cross power spectrum. Proceeding of IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR '96), June 1996, San Francisco, Calif, USA 532–537.
Hoge WS: A subspace identification extension to the phase correlation method [MRI application]. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 2003, 22(2):277–280. 10.1109/TMI.2002.808359
Kim SP, Su WY: Subpixel accuracy image registration by spectrum cancellation. Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '93), April 1993, Minneapolis, Minn, USA 5: 153–156.
Stone HS, Orchard MT, Chang E-C, Martucci SA: A fast direct Fourier-based algorithm for subpixel registration of images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2001, 39(10):2235–2243. 10.1109/36.957286
Wolberg G, Zokai S: Robust image registration using log-polar transform. Proceeding of International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '00), September 2000, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 1: 493–496.
Kuglin CD, Hines DC: The phase correlation image alignment method. Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Cybernetics and Society, September 1975, New York, NY, USA 163–165.
Castro EDe, Morandi C: Registration of translated and rotated images using finite Fourier transforms. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 1987, 9(5):700–703.
Zemanian AH: Distribution Theory and Transform Analysis. Dover, New York, NY, USA; 1965.
Oppenheim AV, Schafer RW: Discrete Time Signal Processing. 1st edition. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA; 1989.
Tikhonov A, Arsenin A: Solutions of Ill-Posed Problems. Winston & Sons, Washington, DC, USA; 1977.
Golub GH, Heath M, Wahba G: Generalized cross-validation as a method for choosing a good ridge parameter. Technometrics 1979, 21(2):215–223. 10.2307/1268518
CMU Vision and autonomous systems center's image database. https://doi.org/vasc.ri.cmu.edu/idb/
Wright GA: Magnetic resonance imaging. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 1997, 14(1):56–66. 10.1109/79.560324
Skolnik MI: Radar Handbook. 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA; 1990.
Stein M: Introduction to Matrices and Determinants. Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif, USA; 1967.
About this article
Cite this article
Balci, M., Foroosh, H. Subpixel Registration Directly from the Phase Difference. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2006, 060796 (2006) doi:10.1155/ASP/2006/60796
- Coordinate System
- Information Technology
- Rotation Angle
- Phase Difference
- Quantum Information