Skip to content


  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Adaptive Transmitter Precoding for Time Division Duplex CDMA in Fading Multipath Channels: Strategy and Analysis

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20032002:403931

  • Received: 31 January 2002
  • Published:


The recently developed blind adaptive techniques for multiuser detection in code division multiple access (CDMA) systems offer an attractive compromise of performance and complexity. However, the desire to further reduce complexity at the mobile unit has led to the investigation of techniques that move signal processing from the mobile unit to the base station. In this paper, we investigate transmitter precoding for downlink time division duplex (TDD) code division multiple access (CDMA) communications. In particular, we develop a linear minimum mean square error precoding strategy using blind channel estimation for fading multipath channels that allows for simple matched filtering at the mobile unit and is easy to make adaptive. We also present a performance analysis using tools developed for the analysis of conventional (receiver-based) linear blind multiuser detection in unknown channels. We compare the analytical and simulation results to traditional receiver-based blind multiuser detection. It is seen that transmitter precoding offers a reasonable alternative for TDD-mode CDMA when minimizing computational complexity at the mobile unit is a priority.


  • multiuser detection
  • transmitter precoding
  • wireless communications
  • blind channel estimation

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6109, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA


© Reynolds et al. 2002