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Rapid Prototyping of Field Programmable Gate Array-Based Discrete Cosine Transform Approximations

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Abstract

A method for the rapid design of field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based discrete cosine transform (DCT) approximations is presented that can be used to control the coding gain, mean square error (MSE), quantization noise, hardware cost, and power consumption by optimizing the coefficient values and datapath wordlengths. Previous DCT design methods can only control the quality of the DCT approximation and estimates of the hardware cost by optimizing the coefficient values. It is shown that it is possible to rapidly prototype FPGA-based DCT approximations with near optimal coding gains that satisfy the MSE, hardware cost, quantization noise, and power consumption specifications.

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Correspondence to Trevor W. Fox.

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Fox, T.W., Turner, L.E. Rapid Prototyping of Field Programmable Gate Array-Based Discrete Cosine Transform Approximations. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2003, 687253 (2003) doi:10.1155/S1110865703301027

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Keywords

  • DCT
  • low-power
  • FPGA
  • binDCT