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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Parameter Estimation of a Plucked String Synthesis Model Using a Genetic Algorithm with Perceptual Fitness Calculation

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20032003:758284

Received: 30 June 2002

Published: 21 July 2003


We describe a technique for estimating control parameters for a plucked string synthesis model using a genetic algorithm. The model has been intensively used for sound synthesis of various string instruments but the fine tuning of the parameters has been carried out with a semiautomatic method that requires some hand adjustment with human listening. An automated method for extracting the parameters from recorded tones is described in this paper. The calculation of the fitness function utilizes knowledge of the properties of human hearing.


  • sound synthesis
  • physical modeling synthesis
  • plucked string synthesis
  • parameter estimation
  • genetic algorithm

Authors’ Affiliations

Laboratory of Acoustics and Audio Signal Processing, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
Pori School of Technology and Economics, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland


© Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation 2003