Open Access

An Analogue VLSI Implementation of the Meddis Inner Hair Cell Model

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20032003:356262

https://doi.org/10.1155/S1110865703303026

Received: 18 June 2002

Published: 18 June 2003

Abstract

The Meddis inner hair cell model is a widely accepted, but computationally intensive computer model of mammalian inner hair cell function. We have produced an analogue VLSI implementation of this model that operates in real time in the current domain by using translinear and log-domain circuits. The circuit has been fabricated on a chip and tested against the Meddis model for (a) rate level functions for onset and steady-state response, (b) recovery after masking, (c) additivity, (d) two-component adaptation, (e) phase locking, (f) recovery of spontaneous activity, and (g) computational efficiency. The advantage of this circuit, over other electronic inner hair cell models, is its nearly exact implementation of the Meddis model which can be tuned to behave similarly to the biological inner hair cell. This has important implications on our ability to simulate the auditory system in real time. Furthermore, the technique of mapping a mathematical model of first-order differential equations to a circuit of log-domain filters allows us to implement real-time neuromorphic signal processors for a host of models using the same approach.

Keywords

analogue circuits analogue computing neuromorphic engineering audio processing

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Computer Engineering Laboratory, School of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Sydney

Copyright

© Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation 2003