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A Domain-Independent Window Approach to Multiclass Object Detection Using Genetic Programming

Abstract

This paper describes a domain-independent approach to the use of genetic programming for object detection problems in which the locations of small objects of multiple classes in large images must be found. The evolved program is scanned over the large images to locate the objects of interest. The paper develops three terminal sets based on domain-independent pixel statistics and considers two different function sets. The fitness function is based on the detection rate and the false alarm rate. We have tested the method on three object detection problems of increasing difficulty. This work not only extends genetic programming to multiclass-object detection problems, but also shows how to use a single evolved genetic program for both object classification and localisation. The object classification map developed in this approach can be used as a general classification strategy in genetic programming for multiple-class classification problems.

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Correspondence to Mengjie Zhang.

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Keywords

  • machine learning
  • neural networks
  • genetic algorithms
  • object recognition
  • target detection
  • computer vision