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Multichannel Direction-Independent Speech Enhancement Using Spectral Amplitude Estimation

Abstract

This paper introduces two short-time spectral amplitude estimators for speech enhancement with multiple microphones. Based on joint Gaussian models of speech and noise Fourier coefficients, the clean speech amplitudes are estimated with respect to the MMSE or the MAP criterion. The estimators outperform single microphone minimum mean square amplitude estimators when the speech components are highly correlated and the noise components are sufficiently uncorrelated. Whereas the first MMSE estimator also requires knowledge of the direction of arrival, the second MAP estimator performs a direction-independent noise reduction. The estimators are generalizations of the well-known single channel MMSE estimator derived by Ephraim and Malah (1984) and the MAP estimator derived by Wolfe and Godsill (2001), respectively.

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Correspondence to Thomas Lotter.

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Lotter, T., Benien, C. & Vary, P. Multichannel Direction-Independent Speech Enhancement Using Spectral Amplitude Estimation. EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2003, 705085 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1155/S1110865703305025

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Keywords

  • speech enhancement
  • microphone arrays
  • spectral amplitude estimation