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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Blind Source Separation Combining Independent Component Analysis and Beamforming

  • 1Email author,
  • 2,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 1 and
  • 1
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20032003:569270

https://doi.org/10.1155/S1110865703305104

  • Received: 26 November 2002
  • Published:

Abstract

We describe a new method of blind source separation (BSS) on a microphone array combining subband independent component analysis (ICA) and beamforming. The proposed array system consists of the following three sections: (1) subband ICA-based BSS section with estimation of the direction of arrival (DOA) of the sound source, (2) null beamforming section based on the estimated DOA, and (3) integration of (1) and (2) based on the algorithm diversity. Using this technique, we can resolve the low-convergence problem through optimization in ICA. To evaluate its effectiveness, signal-separation and speech-recognition experiments are performed under various reverberant conditions. The results of the signal-separation experiments reveal that the noise reduction rate (NRR) of about 18 dB is obtained under the nonreverberant condition, and NRRs of 8 dB and 6 dB are obtained in the case that the reverberation times are 150 milliseconds and 300 milliseconds. These performances are superior to those of both simple ICA-based BSS and simple beamforming method. Also, from the speech-recognition experiments, it is evident that the performance of the proposed method in terms of the word recognition rates is superior to those of the conventional ICA-based BSS method under all reverberant conditions.

Keywords

  • blind source separation
  • microphone array
  • independent component analysis
  • beamforming

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Graduate School of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan
(2)
Center for Integrated Acoustic Information Research (CIAIR), Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8903, Japan
(3)
Center for Integrated Acoustic Information Research (CIAIR), Nagoya University/CIAIR, Nagoya 464-8903, Japan

Copyright

© Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation 2003

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