Open Access

Downlink Channel Estimation in Cellular Systems with Antenna Arrays at Base Stations Using Channel Probing with Feedback

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20042004:963649

Received: 21 May 2003

Published: 19 August 2004


In mobile communication systems with multisensor antennas at base stations, downlink channel estimation plays a key role because accurate channel estimates are needed for transmit beamforming. One efficient approach to this problem is channel probing with feedback. In this method, the base station array transmits probing (training) signals. The channel is then estimated from feedback reports provided by the users. This paper studies the performance of the channel probing method with feedback using a multisensor base station antenna array and single-sensor users. The least squares (LS), linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE), and a new scaled LS (SLS) approaches to the channel estimation are studied. Optimal choice of probing signals is investigated for each of these techniques and their channel estimation performances are analyzed. In the case of multiple LS channel estimates, the best linear unbiased estimation (BLUE) scheme for their linear combining is developed and studied.

Keywords and phrases

antenna arraydownlink channelchannel estimationtraining sequence