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Table 9 Verification of effectiveness based on end-to-end structure

From: Spatial and temporal learning representation for end-to-end recording device identification

Model Features Classification results (ACC) Testing time (second)
GMM-UBM MFCC 31.5% 0.0677
GSV-SVM GSV 93.6% 0.0519
BED-SVM BED 92.5% 0.0026
previous work MFCC,GSV,I-vector 97.3% 0.0017
this work MFCC,GSV 97.5% 0.0213