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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

On Sequential Track Extraction within the PMHT Framework

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20072008:276914

https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/276914

Received: 1 April 2007

Accepted: 8 October 2007

Published: 24 October 2007

Abstract

Tracking multiple targets in a cluttered environment is a challenging task. Probabilistic multiple hypothesis tracking (PMHT) is an efficient approach for dealing with it. Essentially PMHT is based on expectation-maximization for handling with association conflicts. Linearity in the number of targets and measurements is the main motivation for a further development and extension of this methodology. In particular, the problem of track extraction and deletion is apparently not yet satisfactorily solved within this framework. A sequential likelihood-ratio (LR) test for track extraction has been developed and integrated into the framework of traditional Bayesian multiple hypothesis tracking by Günter van Keuk in 1998. As PMHT is a multiscan approach as well, it also has the potential for track extraction. In this paper, an analogous integration of a sequential LR test into the PMHT framework is proposed. We present an LR formula for track extraction and deletion using the PMHT update formulae. The LR is thus a by-product of the PMHT iteration process, as PMHT provides all required ingredients for a sequential LR calculation. Therefore, the resulting update formula for the sequential LR test affords the development of track-before-detect algorithms for PMHT. The approach is illustrated by a simple example.

Keywords

  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Main Motivation
  • Iteration Process
  • Multiple Target

Publisher note

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
FGAN-FKIE, Wachtberg, Germany

Copyright

© M.Wieneke andW. Koch. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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