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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Multirate Formulation for Mismatch Sensitivity Analysis of Analog-to-Digital Converters That Utilize Parallel -Modulators

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20072008:289184

  • Received: 1 June 2007
  • Accepted: 21 October 2007
  • Published:


A general formulation based on multirate filterbank theory for analog-to-digital converters using parallel sigmadelta modulators in conjunction with modulation sequences is presented. The time-interleaved modulators (TIMs), Hadamard modulators (HMs), and frequency-band decomposition modulators (FBDMs) can be viewed as special cases of the proposed description. The usefulness of the formulation stems from its ability to analyze a system's sensitivity to aliasing due to channel mismatch and modulation sequence level errors. Both Nyquist-rate and oversampled systems are considered, and it is shown how the matching requirements between channels can be reduced for oversampled systems. The new formulation is useful also for the derivation of new modulation schemes, and an example is given of how it can be used in this context.


  • Information Technology
  • Quantum Information
  • Modulation Scheme
  • Aliasing
  • Level Error

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Authors’ Affiliations

Division of Electronics Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden


© Anton Blad et al. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.